Adverbials of the method in Mandarin

Adverbials of manner are made up of two-syllable adjectives and the particle 地 de.

他开心地唱起歌来。Tā kāixīn dì chàng qǐ gē lái. (He sang happily.)

我愉快地去上班。Wǒ yúkuài dì qù shàngbān. (I happily go to work.)

她高兴地走了进来。Tā gāoxìng de zǒule jìnlái. (She walked in happily.)

Monosyllabic adjectives as adverbials of manner 

Repeat it or add a degree adverb to turn a one-syllable adjective into a two-syllable adverb of manner.

她生气地把书放在沙发上。Tā shēngqì de bǎ shū fàng zài shāfā shàng. (She angrily put the book on the sofa.)

他气冲冲地出门了。Tā qì chōngchōng dì chūménle. (He stormed out the door.)

我快速地穿好衣服。Wǒ kuàisù de chuān hǎo yīfú. (I get dressed quickly.)

Adverbials of manner with marked verbs 

When an adverbial modifier comes before a verb, the verb is usually marked in some way, like with an aspect or direction marker.

我慢慢地走着。Wǒ màn man de zǒuzhe. (I walk slowly.)

我快速地跑起来。Wǒ kuàisù de pǎo qǐlái. (I run quickly.)

Adverbials of manner with unmarked verbs

In expressions like imperatives, adverbial modifiers may appear with unmarked verbs. To expand or reduplicate the monosyllabic adverbial, words like “a bit” or “a little,” such as “点儿 diǎnr” are commonly used, while “地 De” is typically omitted.

快过来!Kuài guòlái! (Come here!)

慢点儿走。Màn diǎn er zǒu. (Walk slowly.)

早些起床。Zǎo xiē qǐchuáng. (Get up early.)

Adverbial modifiers with only one syllable without 地de 

Adverbial modifiers with only one syllable without 的 de occur in some well-known expressions and imperatives:

Several popular phrases and imperatives have monosyllabic adverbial modifiers that do not begin with a letter. “的 de.”

多谢!Duōxiè! (Thanks!)

慢走。Màn zǒu. (Walk slowly.)

多指教。Duō zhǐjiào. (Please advise.)

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There are several types of manner adverbials.

Additionally, several methods to represent the statement may be utilized to generate manner adverbs.

(1) Onomatopoeic (onom) coinages:

小猫喵喵地叫着。Xiǎo māo miāo miāo de jiàozhe. (The kitten meowed.)

水哗哗地流着。Shuǐ huā huā de liúzhe. (The water was rushing.)

(2) Phonaesthetic phrases add to the description of an adjective, verb, or noun by connecting sound and meaning with a repeated syllable.

他懒洋洋地躺在沙发上。Tā lǎn yángyáng dì tǎng zài shāfā shàng. (He was lounging on the sofa.)

妈妈笑眯眯地接过礼物。Māmā xiàomīmī de jiēguò lǐwù. (Mom took the gift with a smile.)

她笑盈盈地向我走来。Tā xiào yíngyíng dì xiàng wǒ zǒu lái. (She walked towards me smiling.)

(3)Quadrisyllabic idioms

他气急败坏地批评日子。Tā qìjíbàihuài de pīpíng háizi. (He angrily criticizes the child.)

小女孩欢天喜地地回家了。Xiǎo nǚhái huāntiānxǐdì de huí jiāle.(The little girl went home happily.)

(4) Parallel constructions

他一句一句地念着课文。Tā yījù yījù de niànzhe kèwén. (He read the text sentence by sentence.)

他一步一步地走上楼。Tā yībù yībù de zǒu shàng lóu. (He walked upstairs step by step.)

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