After the primary verb, adjectives or verbs are “complements of the outcome.” They represent the direct result of an activity.
你听错了。Nǐ tīng cuòle. (You heard me wrong.)
你说对了。Nǐ shuō duìle. (You are right.)
我弄脏了衣服。Wǒ nòng zāng le yīfú. (I stained my clothes.)
你喝醉了。Nǐ hē zuìle. (You’re drunk.)
我吃饱了。Wǒ chī bǎole. (I’m stuffed.)
晚饭做好了。Wǎnfàn zuò hǎole. (Dinner is ready.)
我做完了汉语作业。Wǒ zuò wánliǎo hànyǔ zuòyè. (I have finished my Chinese homework.)
我听懂了，我们不去奥斯陆。Wǒ tīng dǒngle, wǒmen bù qù àosīlù. (I get it, we’re not going to Oslo.)
我找到我的钥匙了。Wǒ zhǎodào wǒ de yàoshile. (I found my key.)
他戒掉了电脑游侠。Tā jiè diàole diànnǎo yóuxiá. (He quit Cyber Ranger.)
Manner or consequence state complements with a ‘verb + object’ verb
After the object, a “verb + object” verb is repeated, and then the manner or condition from the object is used as a complement.
他唱歌唱得很好。Tā chànggē chàng dé hěn hǎo. (He sings very well.)
她跳舞跳得很好。Tā tiàowǔ tiào dé hěn hǎo. (She dances very well.)
你写字写得很好。Nǐ xiězì xiě dé hěn hǎo. (You write well.)
Manner adjectival complements in comparison
The phrases “比 bǐ + (pro)noun,” “跟 gēn + (pro)noun,” and “没(有) méi(yǒu) + (pro)noun” appear either before or after the principal verb in these complements.
I can sing better than him.
我唱得比他好。Wǒ chàng dé bǐ tā hǎo.
我比他唱得好。Wǒ bǐ tā chàng dé hǎo.
She dances better than you.
她跳得比你好。Tā tiào dé bǐ nǐ hǎo.
她比你跳得好。Tā bǐ nǐ tiào dé hǎo.
You write better than me.
你写得比我好。Nǐ xiě dé bǐ wǒ hǎo.
你比我写得好。Nǐ bǐ wǒ xiě dé hǎo.
Location or destination complement
The complement of place or destination, which occurs with motion verbs, indicates where the subject eventually ends up through the verb’s action.
我去到奥斯陆了。Wǒ qù dào àosīlùle. (I arrived in Oslo.)
经理走进办公室。Jīnglǐ zǒu jìn bàngōngshì. (The manager walks into the office.)
苹果掉在沙发上。Píngguǒ diào zài shāfā shàng. (The apple fell on the sofa.)
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