10 Academic Chinese Words You Should Know – Learn Chinese HSK 5-HSK 6

Learning a new language involves mastering everyday vocabulary and understanding academic terms that crop up in intellectual discussions, research papers, and formal events. Mandarin Chinese, with its rich literature, science, and philosophy history, is no exception. Here are 10 academic Chinese words that you should familiarize yourself with, complete with pinyin, English translations, and example sentences.

研究 (yán jiū) – study; research

    • 他在哈佛大学研究生物技术。(Tā zài Hāfó Dàxué yán jiū shēngwù jìshù.) – He is studying biotechnology at Harvard University.
    • 这是关于气候变化的最新研究。(Zhè shì guānyú qìhòu biànhuà de zuìxīn yán jiū.) – This is the latest research on climate change.

论文 (lùn wén) – thesis; essay; paper

    • 我正忙于写博士论文。(Wǒ zhèng máng yú xiě bóshì lùn wén.) – I’m busy writing my doctoral thesis.
    • 他的论文发表在了国际期刊上。(Tā de lùn wén fābiǎo zài le guójì qīkān shàng.) – His paper was published in an international journal.

知识 (zhī shi) – knowledge

    • 书籍是知识的宝库。(Shūjí shì zhī shi de bǎokù.) – Books are a treasure trove of knowledge.
    • 每天都应该学到新的知识。(Měitiān dū yīnggāi xué dào xīn de zhī shi.) – One should learn new knowledge every day.

理论 (lǐ lùn) – theory

    • 爱因斯坦的相对论是现代物理学的基础理论。(Ài yīn sī tǎn de xiāng duì lùn shì xiàndài wùlǐ xué de jīchǔ lǐ lùn.) – Einstein’s theory of relativity is a foundational theory in modern physics.
    • 这只是一个理论, 还没有得到证实。(Zhè zhǐshì yīgè lǐ lùn, hái méiyǒu dédào zhèngshí.) – This is just a theory, it hasn’t been proven yet.

教育 (jiào yù) – education

    • 教育对一个国家的发展至关重要。(Jiào yù duì yīgè guójiā de fāzhǎn zhìguān zhòngyào.) – Education is crucial for a country’s development.
    • 他致力于改进农村的教育。(Tā zhìlì yú gǎijìn nóngcūn de jiào yù.) – He is committed to improving rural education.

学术 (xué shù) – academic; scholarly

    • 这是一个学术会议, 所以请大家认真对待。(Zhè shì yīgè xué shù huìyì, suǒyǐ qǐng dàjiā rènzhēn duìdài.) – This is an academic conference, so please take it seriously.
    • 她在学术界享有很高的声誉。(Tā zài xué shù jiè xiǎngyǒu hěn gāo de shēngyù.) – She has a high reputation in the academic world.

实验 (shí yàn) – experiment

    • 这个实验的结果是什么?(Zhège shí yàn de jiéguǒ shì shénme?) – What are the results of this experiment?
    • 他们正在进行一个新的化学实验。(Tāmen zhèngzài jìnxíng yīgè xīn de huàxué shí yàn.) – They are conducting a new chemical experiment.

统计 (tǒng jì) – statistics

    • 根据统计, 这个城市的失业率已经上升到10%。(Gēnjù tǒng jì, zhège chéngshì de shīyè lǜ yǐjīng shàngshēng dào 10%.) – According to statistics, the unemployment rate in this city has risen to 10%.
    • 统计数据显示, 今年的销售额超过了去年。(Tǒng jì shùjù xiǎnshì, jīnnián de xiāoshòu é chāoguò le qùnián.) – Statistical data shows that this year’s sales exceeded last year’s.

科技 (kē jì) – science and technology

    • 中国在科技领域取得了巨大的进步。(Zhōngguó zài kē jì lǐngyù qǔdéle jùdà de jìnbù.) – China has made great strides in the field of science and technology.
    • 科技为我们的生活带来了很多便利。(Kē jì wèi wǒmen de shēnghuó dài lái le hěnduō biànlì.) – Science and technology have brought many conveniences to our lives.

经济 (jīng jì) – economics; economy

    • 由于全球危机, 许多国家的经济都受到了影响。(Yóuyú quánqiú wēijī, xǔduō guójiā de jīng jì dū shòudào le yǐngxiǎng.) – Due to the global crisis, the economies of many countries have been affected.
    • 他在大学学的是经济学。(Tā zài dàxué xué de shì jīng jì xué.) – He studied economics in college.

Learning these scholarly phrases can help you have deeper interactions with fluent speakers of Chinese while also expanding your vocabulary. 

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