Chinese Vocabulary | In the Bathroom HSK 2 – HSK 3

The bathroom, known as “卫生间” (wèi shēng jiān) or “浴室” (yù shì) in Chinese, is a vital part of any living space. Whether traveling in China or simply looking to expand your Mandarin vocabulary, knowing the names of everyday bathroom items can be incredibly useful. This article will explore essential bathroom-related words and phrases in Mandarin Chinese.

Basic Bathroom Vocabulary

  • Bathroom: 卫生间 (wèi shēng jiān) / 浴室 (yù shì)
  • Toilet: 厕所 (cè suǒ) / 马桶 (mǎ tǒng)
  • Sink: 洗手池 (xǐ shǒu chí)
  • Bathtub: 浴缸 (yù gāng)
  • Shower: 淋浴 (lín yù)
  • Mirror: 镜子 (jìng zi)
  • Towel: 毛巾 (máo jīn)
  • Soap: 肥皂 (féi zào)
  • Shampoo: 洗发水 (xǐ fā shuǐ)
  • Conditioner: 护发素 (hù fā sù)
  • Toilet Paper: 卫生纸 (wèi shēng zhǐ)
  • Faucet: 水龙头 (shuǐ lóng tóu)
  • Drain: 下水道 (xià shuǐ dào)

Useful Phrases

  • Where is the bathroom? 厕所在哪里? (Cè suǒ zài nǎ lǐ?)
  • I want to take a shower. 我想淋浴 (Wǒ xiǎng lín yù)
  • The sink is clogged. 洗手池堵了 (Xǐ shǒu chí dǔ le)
  • Can I borrow a towel? 我可以借一条毛巾吗? (Wǒ kě yǐ jiè yī tiáo máo jīn ma?)

Tips for Travelers

If you’re traveling in China, knowing some bathroom-related phrases is essential. Not all public restrooms will have Western-style toilets so you might encounter squat toilets, known as “蹲便” (dūn biàn). Carrying toilet paper is also a good idea, as not all public restrooms provide it.


The bathroom may appear uncomplicated, yet it contains many necessities that we use every day. If you are familiar with these words and phrases, you’ll be more prepared for your travels to China or just for a conversation with Mandarin-speaking acquaintances.


Is there a difference between “厕所” (cè suǒ) and “马桶” (mǎ tǒng)?

Yes, “厕所” (cè suǒ) generally refers to the toilet room, while “马桶” (mǎ tǒng) refers explicitly to the toilet bowl or the actual toilet seat.

What should travelers be aware of when using bathrooms in China?

Travelers should be aware that not all public restrooms in China have Western-style toilets. Some might have squat toilets, known as “蹲便” (dūn biàn). Carrying personal toilet paper is also recommended since not all public restrooms provide it.

Are all the words listed in the article commonly used in daily life in China?

Yes, the words and phrases in the article are commonly used daily. They are essential for anyone looking to communicate effectively in Mandarin, especially in the bathroom context.

Why is it recommended to carry personal toilet paper in China?

Not all public restrooms in China provide toilet paper, so it’s a good practice for travelers to carry their own to avoid inconveniences.

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