Common Phrases: Chinese for Beginners | Learn Chinese | HSK 1

An exciting experience is starting the adventure of learning Mandarin Chinese. Learning fundamental and frequent phrases is one of the first steps, especially for those that adhere to the HSK 1 norm, the beginner’s tier in the official Chinese proficiency test. To offer you a solid basis, let’s delve into these expressions!


你好 (Nǐ hǎo) – Hello

下午好 (Xiàwǔ hǎo) – Good afternoon

晚上好 (Wǎnshàng hǎo) – Good evening

再见 (Zàijiàn) – Goodbye

早上好 (Zǎoshang hǎo) – Good morning

Basic Questions and Statements

你叫什么名字? (Nǐ jiào shénme míngzì?) – What’s your name?

我叫… (Wǒ jiào…) – My name is…

你好吗? (Nǐ hǎo ma?) – How are you?

我很好 (Wǒ hěn hǎo) – I am good

我不太好 (Wǒ bù tài hǎo) – I’m not so good


一 (Yī) – One

二 (Èr) – Two

三 (Sān) – Three

四 (Sì) – Four

五 (Wǔ) – Five

Note: Basic numbers form the basis of everyday interactions, such as discussing prices, telling time, or giving addresses.

Polite Phrases

谢谢 (Xièxiè) – Thank you

非常谢谢 (Fēicháng xièxiè) – Thank you very much

不客气 (Bù kèqì) – You’re welcome

对不起 (Duìbùqǐ) – Sorry

请 (Qǐng) – Please

Basic Interactions

你是哪国人? (Nǐ shì nǎ guó rén?) – Where are you from?

我是…人 (Wǒ shì…rén) – I am from…

你会说中文吗? (Nǐ huì shuō zhōngwén ma?) – Can you speak Chinese?

我会 (Wǒ huì) – I can

我不会 (Wǒ bù huì) – I can’t

我不懂 (Wǒ bù dǒng) – I don’t understand

Everyday Phrases

这是什么? (Zhè shì shénme?) – What is this?

多少钱? (Duōshǎo qián?) – How much is this?

水 (Shuǐ) – Water

饭店 (Fàndiàn) – Restaurant

厕所在哪里? (Cèsuǒ zài nǎlǐ?) – Where is the restroom?

是 (Shì) – Yes

不是 (Bù shì) – No

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Getting familiar with these expressions will provide a solid foundation as you learn more about the Chinese language. Remember that comprehending basic words and phrases is the first step in writing any complex sentence.

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