How to Describe People in Chinese: Physical Descriptions and Personality

Describing people in that language can be enjoyable and fulfilling if you’re learning Chinese. Whether you want to talk about a friend’s looks or describe someone, knowing how to do this correctly and effectively is essential. This essay will teach you the basics of describing people in Chinese and some valuable words. Along with tips on practicing and avoiding making common mistakes, we’ll also give you some trade tricks.

Understanding the Basics of Describing People in Chinese

Physical Body Parts

头发 (tóufa) – hair

眼睛 (yǎnjīng) – eyes

鼻子 (bízi) – nose

嘴巴 (zuǐba) – mouth


高 (gāo) – tall

矮 (ǎi) – short

胖 (pàng) – fat

瘦 (shòu) – thin

Personality Descriptions

开朗 (kāilǎng) – cheerful

内向 (nèixiàng) – introverted

外向 (wàixiàng) – extroverted

懒惰 (lǎnduò) – lazy

友好 (yǒuhǎo) – friendly

聪明 (cōngmíng) – smart

善良 (shànliáng) – kind

自信 (zìxìn) – confident

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Sentence Structures for Personality Descriptions

The following sentence pattern can be used to describe someone’s personality:

Subject + 很/非常 (hěn/fēicháng) + Adjective

For example:

  • 他很聪明。(Tā hěn cōngmíng.) – He is smart.
  • 她非常友好。(Tā fēicháng yǒuhǎo.) – She is very friendly.

Common Mistakes and How to Avoid Them

  • Consider how sentences are combined, particularly when employing bodily parts and adjectives.
  • Use appropriate measuring language when describing quantity or size.
  • Remember to use the proper tones for each word, which can significantly alter the meaning.

Learning the appropriate vocabulary, phrase constructions, and practice is necessary for describing people in Chinese. If you follow the tips in this article and keep putting what you’ve learned into practice, you’ll soon be able to describe people’s looks and personalities easily. Don’t forget to enjoy yourself while learning and experimenting with different methods of honing your abilities.


What are some common mistakes learners make when describing people in Chinese?

Common errors include employing the wrong measure words, word order, and word tones. When training, be sure to pay close attention to these elements.

What are some valuable verbs and adjectives for describing people in Chinese?

Proper verbs include 穿 (chuān – to wear), 笑 (xiào – to smile), 喜欢 (xǐhuān – to like), and adjectives like 幽默 (yōumò – humorous), 漂亮 (piàoliang – beautiful), and 苗条 (miáotiao – slim).

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