Key Vocabulary for Discussing Weather and Seasons in Chinese HSK2

Weather is something we all experience, making it a perfect topic for connecting with others. Knowing weather terms in Mandarin can open doors to new cultural insights. This guide will help you learn the essential words needed to talk about weather and seasons in Chinese. So, whether you’re going to China or just want to learn more, this is for you.

Basic Weather Vocabulary in Chinese

In this section, we’ll learn the main weather words in Chinese. Knowing them helps you talk about the weather in Mandarin.

Weather Conditions

To talk about the weather in Chinese, knowing basic weather words is key. Let’s look at some must-know terms:

  1. 天气Tiānqì – Weather
  2. 云Yún – Cloud
  3. 晴Qíng – Sunny/Clear
  4. 多云Duōyún – Cloudy
  5. 雨Yǔ – Rain
  6. 下雪Xiàxuě – Snow
  7. 风Fēng – Wind
  8. 初夏Chūxià – Thunderstorm

Temperature and Seasons

Being able to talk about temperature and seasons is also important. Here are some useful terms:

  • 温度Wēndù – Temperature
  • 凉快Liángkuài – Cool
  • 热Rè – Hot
  • 夏天Xiàtiān – Summer
  • 秋天Qiūtiān – Autumn/Fall
  • 冬天Dōngtiān – Winter
  • 春天Chūntiān – Spring

These are the basics. Chinese weather words are interesting and varied. They help you say a lot about the weather.

Learning these basic words will help you talk more about the weather in Chinese. It’s a great way to build your Mandarin skills.

Seasons in Chinese

Learning about the seasons in Chinese helps us talk about the weather and know more about Chinese culture. Every season has its special name and features. Let’s take a look at the seasons’ names in Chinese.

Spring (春天 – chūn tiān)

Spring is called “春天” (chūn tiān) in Chinese. It’s a time for new life and fresh starts. The days grow warmer, flowers bloom, and the world fills with color.

Summer (夏天 – xià tiān)

In Chinese, summer is known as “夏天” (xià tiān). It’s when the sun shines the most and it gets really hot. This is the perfect time for swimming and hiking to stay cool.

Fall/Autumn (秋天 – qiū tiān)

The autumn season is called “秋天” (qiū tiān) in Chinese. It brings a nice, cool breeze. Trees turn colors, painting the land with beauty. People celebrate harvests with special festivals.

Winter (冬天 – dōng tiān)

Winter is named “冬天” (dōng tiān) in Chinese. It’s cold, and sometimes there’s snow. Everyone wears cozy clothes and gathers for fun times with loved ones inside.

Now you know the seasons in Chinese! This knowledge helps you talk about the weather and understand Mandarin culture better. Use these words to have richer conversations and learn more about the seasons.

Weather Expressions in Chinese

In this part, we’ll look at weather phrases in Chinese. Knowing these phrases will make talking about the weather in Mandarin easier.

When you talk about the weather in Chinese, it helps to know many expressions. Let’s go over some common weather phrases in Mandarin:

  • 气候怎么样?Qì hòu zěnmeyàng – How’s the weather?
  • 天气很好Tiān qì hěn hǎo – The weather is good.
  • 下雨了Xià yǔ le – It’s raining.
  • 太热了Tài rè le – The weather is too hot.
  • 我喜欢下雪Wǒ xǐhuān xiàxuě – I like snow.
  • 气候变化了Qì hòu biàn huà le – The weather has changed.
  • 我可以看到雨Wǒ  kěyǐ kàn dào yǔ – I can see the rain.

You can use these phrases to start a talk about the weather. Or, to share how you feel about the weather. Make sure to say them right for people to understand you.

Pro Tip: Talking about the weather in Chinese often includes sharing likes or experiences. For instance, you might say “我喜欢下雪Wǒ xǐhuān xiàxuě” (I like snow) .

Learning these weather expressions in Chinese will help you talk confidently with native speakers. It also helps you understand Chinese culture more. Use these phrases in your talks every day to get better at Mandarin. And to make stronger connections with people.

Describing Weather in Chinese

Discussing weather in Chinese is easy with the right words. Mandarin has many terms for describing weather. You can talk about sunny days, rainy afternoons, and more. Here are some important words to help you out:

1. Sunny

For sunny days, you can say “tài yáng” (太阳) or “qíng tiān” (晴天) in Chinese. These words mean a day that’s clear and filled with sun.

2. Cloudy

Describe a day full of clouds as “yún duō” (云多) in Mandarin. This phrase paints a picture of skies hidden by clouds.

3. Rainy

Rainy days are called “xià yǔ” (下雨) in Chinese. You can add more words to talk about the rain’s intensity. For instance, “xiǎo yǔ” (小雨) means light rain, and “dà yǔ” (大雨) means heavy rain.

4. Snowy

Use “xià xuě” (下雪) for when it’s snowing. This word paints a lovely image of falling snow.

5. Hot

To talk about heat, use “rè” (热) in Chinese. It’s great for describing high temperatures. Pair it with other words to talk about extreme heat.

6. Cold

For cold weather, say “lěng dòng” (冷冻) in Mandarin. This word captures extreme cold and talks about freezing temperatures.

“As the saying goes, ‘The weather is the barometer of the heart.’ Being able to describe the weather accurately in Chinese will not only help you connect with others but also deepen your understanding of the language and culture.”

Using these weather words in Mandarin can help you better connect with others. Practice them in your daily talks to get better at the language. This way, you can better communicate with Chinese speakers.

Mandarin Vocabulary for Weather Events

In this section, we dive into Mandarin words about weather events. You’ll learn new terms to talk about specific weather in Chinese. This builds on the basics we covered before.


Mandarin has many words for rainstorms. Let’s look at some examples:

English Mandarin
Heavy rain 大雨 (dà yǔ)
Downpour 暴雨 (bào yǔ)
Thunderstorm 雷雨 (léi yǔ)


Winter brings moments of snowfall. It’s key to know these Mandarin words:

  • 雪 (xuě) – snow
  • 下雪 (xià xuě) – to snow
  • 大雪 (dà xuě) – heavy snow

Foggy Weather

Foggy days are described with these Mandarin terms:

雾 (wù) – fog

有雾 (yǒu wù) – foggy

大雾 (dà wù) – heavy fog


Use these Mandarin words when it’s really hot:

  1. 热 (rè) – hot
  2. 酷暑 (kù shǔ) – scorching heat
  3. 热浪 (rè làng) – heatwave

Learning this Mandarin weather vocabulary helps you talk about weather in Chinese. It makes you fluent in describing various weather conditions.

Cultural Perspectives on Weather in Chinese

In Chinese culture, weather is important. It shows the balance between people and nature. The Chinese deeply view weather and its cycles. They think it connects them to the universe’s dual but equal forces, Yin and Yang.

China’s weather predictions were linked to ancient practices. Feng Shui and Five Elements helped forecast weather. They also guided people to live in harmony with their environment and the seasons.

“The Chinese proverb ‘When the wind comes, waves surge; when clouds gather, rain falls’ shows that weather events are linked and impact each other.”

The Influence of Weather on Festivals and Celebrations

Weather is key in Chinese festivals. Many celebrations like the Spring Festival need certain weather. The Dragon Boat and Mid-Autumn Festivals also rely on weather for their events.

During the Spring Festival, weather forecasts matter. It’s when people travel to see their families. The Dragon Boat Festival needs good weather for boat races. The Mid-Autumn Festival celebrates the harvest under clear, cool weather, perfect for seeing the full moon.

The Symbolism of Weather in Chinese Culture

In Chinese culture, weather has deep meaning. Some weather is thought to bring good luck, while other kinds warn of bad luck.

Rain, for instance, is seen as a good sign of growth and new beginnings. Thunderstorms, on the other hand, represent negative energy. They are seen as bad omens. Sunny days mean luck and happiness. Fog symbolizes mystery and self-reflection.

Weather Phenomenon Symbolic Meaning
Rain Abundance, growth, renewal
Thunderstorms Negative energy, inauspicious
Sunny weather Good luck, positive energy
Fog Mystery, uncertainty, introspection

Weather symbols still impact Chinese culture. They are found in art, books, and sayings. These sayings are used to talk about more than just the weather. They share deep meanings.

Learning about Chinese views on the weather shows how deeply they respect nature. It also connects nature, culture, and life. These lessons help us understand the Chinese and their all-embracing view of the world.

Practical Tips for Talking about Weather in Chinese

When you talk about the weather in Chinese, remember a few key points. They will help you speak better. Plus, talking about the weather is a common way to start a conversation with Chinese speakers.

1. Start with Simple Observations

Begin the talk by saying what the weather is like. You could ask, “今天天气怎么样?” meaning “How is the weather today?” Or say, “今天很热” for “Today is hot.” This starts your conversation on the right note.

2. Use Descriptive Vocabulary

Learn words to describe weather in more detail. For sunny days, say “晴天” (qíng tiān). For rainy ones, it’s “下雨” (xià yǔ). Use “刮风” (guā fēng) for windy weather. This makes your talks more interesting and shows you know the language well.

3. Incorporate Seasonal Phrases

We often talk about what season it is when we discuss the weather. Say “现在是春天” for “It’s spring now.” Or “夏天很热” for “Summer is very hot.” This makes your chats more meaningful and shows you get Chinese culture.

4. Engage in Small Talk

In Chinese culture, talking about the weather is a common icebreaker. Use it to have easy, fun chats. For example, ask “喜欢冬天吗?” (“Do you like winter?”) or “你喜欢夏天的天气吗?” (“Do you like the weather in summer?”). These questions can lead to deeper talks.

5. Be Mindful of Regional Differences

China has many regions, each with its own weather. Keep this in mind when you talk about the weather. People from different parts of China may see the weather differently. Being interested in their local weather shows you care about their culture.

6. Practice Active Listening

When discussing weather, listen well to what others say. Notice the words they use. This helps you ask good follow-up questions. It also makes your conversations more interesting and rewarding.

Practice these tips to better your language skills and make connections with Chinese people. Talking about the weather is a great way to learn more about Chinese culture and the language.


It’s really important to know the key words about weather and seasons in Chinese. This helps you talk easily and understand more about the culture. With this knowledge, you can talk about the weather now, the seasons, or even special weather events.

Keep in mind that practice makes perfect. Keep learning new Chinese weather words and talk with native speakers. Understand the importance of weather in Chinese life. This will help you connect with others better.

Never stop learning more Chinese weather words and phrases. The Chinese culture is very diverse. It shows a strong link between people and nature. As you learn more, you’ll get better at Chinese and appreciate the culture more. So, keep learning, practicing, and enjoying the journey of learning a new language!


What are some key vocabulary words for discussing weather and seasons in Chinese?

Main words for discussing weather and seasons in Chinese are 预报 (yù bào) for weather forecast and 季节 (jì jié) for seasons. For example, you use 天气 (tiān qì) for weather. And you have 春天 (chūn tiān) for spring, 夏天 (xià tiān) for summer, 秋天 (qiū tiān) for autumn, and 冬天 (dōng tiān) for winter.

What are some basic weather vocabulary words in Chinese?

Key words for weather in Chinese cover many types. For instance, you have 晴天 (qíng tiān) for sunny and 阴天 (yīn tiān) for cloudy. Also, 下雨 (xià yǔ) is for rainy and 下雪 (xià xuě) for snowy.Then there’s 刮风 (guā fēng) for windy, 雷雨 (léi yǔ) for thunderstorm, and 闪电 (shǎn diàn) for lightning.

What are the names of the seasons in Chinese?

In Chinese, you call spring 春天 (chūn tiān), summer 夏天 (xià tiān), and autumn 秋天 (qiū tiān). Winter is 冬天 (dōng tiān).

What are some common weather expressions in Chinese?

Common weather expressions include 凉快 (liáng kuài) for cool and 热 (rè) for hot. 湿润 (shī rùn) is humid while 干燥 (gān zào) is dry.晴朗 (qíng lǎng) means sunny, 多云 (duō yún) is for partly cloudy, and 多雨 (duō yǔ) is rainy.

How can I describe weather in Chinese?

Describing the weather in Chinese is easy. Ask, “今天天气怎么样?” (jīn tiān tiān qì zěn me yàng?) for “How is the weather today?”Then you can say “天气很热/冷/好” (tiān qì hěn rè/lěng/hǎo) for “The weather is hot/cold/good.”

What are some Mandarin vocabulary words for weather events?

Weather event words in Mandarin include 暴雨 (bào yǔ) for heavy rain. 雪上加霜 (xuě shàng jiā shuāng) means making things worse after bad.There’s 暴风雪 (bào fēng xuě) for snowstorm and 台风 (tái fēng) for typhoon. 雾 (wù) stands for fog, and 雷电交加 (léi diàn jiāo jiā) means thunder and lightning together.

What are some cultural perspectives on weather in Chinese?

In Chinese culture, weather has meaning. Rain often means good luck and prosperity. Thunder and lightning are seen to keep evil away.The changing seasons mark traditional festivals in Chinese culture. These are times of celebration and customs.

Any tips for talking about weather in Chinese?

When discussing weather in Chinese, use common greetings like “Have a nice day!” You can also say “Stay dry!” (保持干燥 bǎo chí gān zào).Remember to match the conversation’s tone. Using the right phrases to show your feelings about the weather helps connect with Chinese speakers.

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